The essence of kibbutz government is direct democracy, with daily
decisions being made by committees subject to the authority of the
kibbutz General Assembly. Since even the most inconsequential decision
can be appealed to the General Assembly, it is in the committees'
interest to be as fair and reasonable as possible (as opposed to
representative democracy, where the principal check on power is
the desire to be re-elected).
The kibbutz General Assembly is the most powerful body on the kibbutz.
Decisions made there are final, although every decision can be appealed.
All kibbutz members are invited to the General Assembly, which takes
place about every six weeks.
There are 13 committees that make most major decisions and recommendations
to the General Assembly:
The Absorption committee handles all absorption inquiries. This
committee also organizes visits from potential candidates for membership,
advises current candidates and takes care of their needs, and, when
necessary, acts as an intermediary between candidates and the kibbutz.
Planning and Building:
The Planning and Building committee supervise the many construction
projects. They are also responsible for long-term planning of the
physical structure of the kibbutz.
Any event that takes place in the kibbutz synagogue is the responsibility
of the Jewish Tradition committee This committee also is involved
in all ritual affairs and life-cycle events, as well as offering
recommendations and suggestions for kibbutz religious policy.
All health related issues are handled by the Health committee,
including reimbursements, individual health and medical requirements
and ambulance personnel and training.
The Pre-School Education committee deals with all issues related
to pre-schoolers, including equipment for the childrens' houses
and playgrounds, hiring day-care workers if necessary, and dealing
with a variety of special requests from parents.
The School-aged Education committee deals with all issues related
to school-aged children, including equipment needs both at school
and at home, after-school activities, summer camp and the youth
Adult Children of Kibbutz:
The Adult Children of Kibbutz committee deals with all issues related
to the kibbutz children when they leave high school: while they
are in army service, national service or after their service. The
committee takes care of their housing needs, special benefits and
options for higher education.
The Cultural committee plans most of the kibbutz cultural events.
This includes booking events from other parts of the country, arranging
tickets and transportation to cultural events in the area, and organizing
original kibbutz cultural happenings.
The Work committee takes care of problems with the day-to-day work
situation and short term solutions to work related issues.
Long term work personnel planning is handled by the Human Relations
committee. This mainly involves finding suitable candidates for
the various key kibbutz positions and committees. The Human Relations
committee is also in charge of members' requests for further education.
The Environmental Committee helps organize environmental activities, promote recycling, promote the use of sustainable products for cleaning, and seeks to improve the community's impact on our environment in every way.
Members' Personal Needs:
This committee takes care of the issues or special needs that
sometimes come up in an individual or family's life that require
special attention or arrangements. One example is helping to take
care of all the arrangements needed if a member's parent is ill
and the member needs to go be with them.
Mazkirut or Executive Board:
The Mazkirut, usually in preparation for the General Assembly
meetings, hears committee recommendations, appeals to decisions,
hears special requests, and gives initial approval to budgets and
In addition to these committees there are also "Task Forces" that
are formed as needed to deal with special topics. Some of the current
task forces include: holidays, special education, telephones, computers,
housing, and library.